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Geography and population

Austria covers an area of 83,878 square kilometres with a population of 8,979,894 residents (as of 1 January 2022), including 1,587,251 foreign citizens (17.1 % of total population). In 2021, an average of 2,240.3 million people with migration background lived in Austria, that is 25.4% of the entire population.

Vienna is Austria’s most densely populated province with 4.657 residents per square kilometre and Carinthia the least densely populated province with 59.2 inhabitants per square kilometre. The average life expectancy is for woman 84.2 years and for man 79.5 years.

Austria is bordered by Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy.

Austria is a federal state comprised of nine provinces; each province has its own capital:

Province

Population

Provincial Capital

Population

Burgenland

297,623

Eisenstadt

15,239

Carinthia

564,555

Klagenfurt

102,610

Lower Austria

1,698,995

St. Pölten

56,360

Upper Austria

1,505,320

Linz

207,254

Salzburg

562,704

Salzburg

155,348

Styria

1,253,005

Graz

292,533

Tyrol

764,255

Innsbruck

130,596

Vorarlberg

401,607

Bregenz

29,300

Vienna

1,931,830

-

-

 (S: Statistik Austria, 1.1.2022)

Economy

The Austrian economy is back on the rise again after the pandemic-induced historic decline in 2020. In 2021 the GDP rose by 4.5 % in real terms, according to preliminary calculations. The GDP at current prices was about € 403.4 bn in 2021, equalling a value of € 45,043 per inhabitant. (source: Statistik Austria).

The Austrian economic structure is mainly dominated by small and medium enterprises. The most important industrial branches are:

  • Food industries
  • Machine and steel industry
  • Chemical and vehicle industry
  • Electric and electronic industry
  • Wood and paper industry

Climate

Austria has a typical central European transitional climate, i.e. warm summers, cold winters and adequate precipitation.

Additionally, there are two distinct climatic regions in Austria:

  • The east shows a Pannonian climate (warm to hot summers, relatively low precipitation and cold winters).
  • The central Alpine region has the characteristic features of the Alpine climate (more precipitation in summer compared to the east and long winters with heavy snowfall).

 

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Further information and useful links

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