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Geography and population

Austria covers an area of 83,878 square kilometres with a population of 8,858,775 residents (as of 1 January 2019), including 1,438,923 foreign citizens (16.2% of total population). In 2018, an average of 2,022 million people with migration background lived in Austria, that is 23.3% of the entire population.

Vienna is Austria’s most densely populated province with 4,574 residents per square kilometre and Carinthia the least densely populated province with 58.8 inhabitants per square kilometre. The average life expectancy is for woman 83.9 years and for man 79.3 years.

Austria is bordered by Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy.

Austria is a federal state comprised of nine provinces; each province has its own capital:

Province

Population

Provincial Capital

Population

Burgenland

293,433

Eisenstadt

14,637

Carinthia

560,939

Klagenfurt

100,817

Lower Austria

1,677,542

St. Pölten

55,044

Upper Austria

1,482,095

Linz

205,726

Salzburg

555,221

Salzburg

154,211

Styria

1,243,052

Graz

288,806

Tyrol

754,705

Innsbruck

132,110

Vorarlberg

394,297

Bregenz

29,762

Vienna

1,897,491

-

-

 (S: Statistik Austria, 1.1.2019)

Economy

The Austrian economy grew by 2.4% in 2018. GDP at current prices amounted to approximately € 385.71 bn (+4.2% in real terms) in 2018 and GDP per inhabitant equalled € 43,640. Austria is in the upper sector not only within the EU but world-wide (source: Statistik Austria).

The Austrian economic structure is mainly dominated by small and medium enterprises. The most important industrial branches are:

  • Food industries
  • Machine and steel industry
  • Chemical and vehicle industry
  • Electric and electronic industry
  • Wood and paper industry

Climate

Austria has a typical central European transitional climate, i.e. warm summers, cold winters and adequate precipitation.

Additionally, there are two distinct climatic regions in Austria:

  • The east shows a Pannonian climate (warm to hot summers, relatively low precipitation and cold winters).
  • The central Alpine region has the characteristic features of the Alpine climate (more precipitation in summer compared to the east and long winters with heavy snowfall).

 

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