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Geography and population

Austria covers an area of 83,878 square kilometres with a population of 8,773,686 residents (as of 1 January 2017), including 1,342,758 foreign citizens (15.3% of total population). In 2016, an average of 1,898 million people with migration background lived in Austria, that is 21.6% of the entire population.

Vienna is Austria’s most densely populated province with 4,400 residents per square kilometre; the Tyrol is the least densely populated province with 58 inhabitants per square kilometre. The average life expectancy is 81.6 years.

Austria is bordered by Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy.

Austria is a federal state comprised of nine provinces; each province has its own capital:

Province

Population

Provincial Capital

Population

Burgenland

291.974

Eisenstadt

14.339

Carinthia

561.098

Klagenfurt

99.762

Lower Austria

1.665.815

St. Pölten

54.221

Upper Austria

1.465.205

Linz

203.006

Salzburg

549.372

Salzburg

152.395

Styria

1.237.372

Graz

283.856

Tyrol

746.179

Innsbruck

132.206

Vorarlberg

388.711

Bregenz

29.608

Vienna

1.867.960

-

-

 (S: Statistik Austria, 1.1.2017)

Economy

The Austrian economy grew by 1.5% in 2016. GDP at current prices amounted to approximately €349.5 bn (+2.8% in real terms) in 2016 and GDP per inhabitant equalled €39,990. Austria is in the upper sector not only within the EU but world-wide (source: Statistik Austria).

The Austrian economic structure is mainly dominated by small and medium enterprises. The most important industrial branches are:

  • Food industries

  • Machine and steel industry

  • Chemical and vehicle industry

  • Electric and electronic industry

  • Wood and paper industry

Climate

Austria has a typical central European transitional climate, i.e. warm summers, cold winters and adequate precipitation.

Additionally, there are two distinct climatic regions in Austria:

  • The east shows a Pannonian climate (warm to hot summers, relatively low precipitation and cold winters).
  • The central Alpine region has the characteristic features of the Alpine climate (more precipitation in summer compared to the east and long winters with heavy snowfall).

Further information and useful links

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