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Geography and population

Austria covers an area of 83,878 square kilometres with a population of 8,584,926 residents (as of 1 January 2015), including 1,146,078 foreign citizens (13.3% of total population). In 2014, an average of 1,715 million people with migration background lived in Austria, that is 20.4% of the entire population.

Vienna is Austria’s most densely populated province with 4,200 residents per square kilometre; the Tyrol is the least densely populated province with 57 inhabitants per square kilometre. In 2013, the average life expectancy was 81 years.

Austria is bordered by Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy.

Austria is a federal state comprised of nine provinces; each province has its own capital:

Province

Population

Provincial Capital

Population

Burgenland

288,356

Eisenstadt

13,664

Carinthia

557,641

Klagenfurt

97,880

Lower Austria

1,636,778

St. Pölten

52,747

Upper Austria

1,437,251

Linz

197,427

Salzburg

538,575

Salzburg

148,420

Styria

1,221,570

Graz

274,207

Tyrol

728,826

Innsbruck

126,965

Vorarlberg

378,592

Bregenz

28,696

Vienna

1,797,337

Vienna

1,797,337

 (S: Statistik Austria, 1.1.2015)

Economy

The Austrian economy grew by 0.4% in 2014. GDP at current prices amounted to approximately €329 bn (+2% in real terms) in 2014 and GDP per inhabitant equalled €38 540. Austria is in the upper sector not only within the EU but world-wide (source: Statistik Austria).

The Austrian economic structure is mainly dominated by small and medium enterprises. The most important industrial branches are:

  • Food industries
  • Machine and steel industry
  • Chemical and vehicle industry
  • Electric and electronic industry
  • Wood and paper industry

Climate

Austria has a typical central European transitional climate, i.e. warm summers, cold winters and adequate precipitation.

Additionally, there are two distinct climatic regions in Austria:

  • The east shows a Pannonian climate (warm to hot summers, relatively low precipitation and cold winters).
  • The central Alpine region has the characteristic features of the Alpine climate (more precipitation in summer compared to the east and long winters with heavy snowfall).

Further information and useful links

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