Jump to content | Jump to help navigation | Jump to main navigation | Jump to sub navigation | Jump to services | Jump to search | Jump to hotline | Jump to footer

Geography and population

Austria covers an area of 83,878 square kilometres with a population of 8,700,471 residents (as of 1 January 2016), including 1,267,674 foreign citizens (14.5% of total population). In 2015, an average of 1,813 million people with migration background lived in Austria, that is 21.4% of the entire population.

Vienna is Austria’s most densely populated province with 4,300 residents per square kilometre; the Tyrol is the least densely populated province with 57 inhabitants per square kilometre. In 2014, the average life expectancy was 81.1 years.

Austria is bordered by Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy.

Austria is a federal state comprised of nine provinces; each province has its own capital:

Province

Population

Provincial Capital

Population

Burgenland

291,023

Eisenstadt

14,226

Carinthia

560,482

Klagenfurt

99,125

Lower Austria

1,653,691

St. Pölten

53,478

Upper Austria

1,453,948

Linz

200,839

Salzburg

545,815

Salzburg

150,938

Styria

1,232,012

Graz

280,258

Tyrol

739,139

Innsbruck

131,009

Vorarlberg

384,147

Bregenz

29,139

Vienna

1,840,226

-

-

 (S: Statistik Austria, 1.1.2016)

Economy

The Austrian economy grew by 0.9% in 2015. GDP at current prices amounted to approximately €337 bn (+2.4% in real terms) in 2015 and GDP per inhabitant equalled €39,120. Austria is in the upper sector not only within the EU but world-wide (source: Statistik Austria).

The Austrian economic structure is mainly dominated by small and medium enterprises. The most important industrial branches are:

  • Food industries

  • Machine and steel industry

  • Chemical and vehicle industry

  • Electric and electronic industry

  • Wood and paper industry

Climate

Austria has a typical central European transitional climate, i.e. warm summers, cold winters and adequate precipitation.

Additionally, there are two distinct climatic regions in Austria:

  • The east shows a Pannonian climate (warm to hot summers, relatively low precipitation and cold winters).
  • The central Alpine region has the characteristic features of the Alpine climate (more precipitation in summer compared to the east and long winters with heavy snowfall).

Further information and useful links

Help navigation: