Geography and population
Austria covers an area of 83,878 square kilometres with a population of 8,773,686 residents (as of 1 January 2017), including 1,342,758 foreign citizens (15.3% of total population). In 2016, an average of 1,898 million people with migration background lived in Austria, that is 21.6% of the entire population.
Vienna is Austria’s most densely populated province with 4,400 residents per square kilometre; the Tyrol is the least densely populated province with 58 inhabitants per square kilometre. The average life expectancy is 81.6 years.
Austria is bordered by Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy.
Austria is a federal state comprised of nine provinces; each province has its own capital:
(S: Statistik Austria, 1.1.2017)
The Austrian economy grew by 1.5% in 2016. GDP at current prices amounted to approximately €349.5 bn (+2.8% in real terms) in 2016 and GDP per inhabitant equalled €39,990. Austria is in the upper sector not only within the EU but world-wide (source: Statistik Austria).
The Austrian economic structure is mainly dominated by small and medium enterprises. The most important industrial branches are:
Machine and steel industry
Chemical and vehicle industry
Electric and electronic industry
Wood and paper industry
Austria has a typical central European transitional climate, i.e. warm summers, cold winters and adequate precipitation.
Additionally, there are two distinct climatic regions in Austria:
- The east shows a Pannonian climate (warm to hot summers, relatively low precipitation and cold winters).
- The central Alpine region has the characteristic features of the Alpine climate (more precipitation in summer compared to the east and long winters with heavy snowfall).
Further information and useful links
- Statistik Austria (English)